top: Uncas's mark
bottom: Owoneco's mark
From "Agreement between Mohegans and Colonists," May 14, 1678. Yale Indian Papers Project

From Uncas' Map of a Portion of the Pequot Territory, August 4, 1662.
top: Uncas's mark
middle: Robin Cassasinamon's mark
bottom: Nesahegen's
mark. Yale Indian Papers Project

The Sign of Uncas

Uncas and other Native American leaders signed colonial documents. In these two examples, they did not write their names using English letters. They signed with a drawing. Their marks expressed more than just their names. 

Mohegan Tribal authority Melissa Tantaquidgeon explained Uncas's mark. 

“His mark was a representation of not only himself but some of his very most important beliefs.

… You’ll notice that there’s a heart at the center with something piercing the heart. Very frequently, when Uncas signed documents where he gave away tribal land, you actually see a bloodletting from his heart as he gives away each parcel of tribal land.

You’ll also notice though that beneath that is a pipe and the pipe represents the fact that he has made a gesture of friendship and goodwill toward the non-Indian people.”

Source: “The Mark of Uncas,” by Kenneth A. Simon, Simonpure Productions, 2002.

Owoneco was Uncas's oldest son.

Robin Cassasinamon was a Pequot. He survived the Pequot War an became a Pequot tribal leader. 

Nesahegen was a sachem of the Poquonnock.

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